Skip to main content

Human ageing

Apoptosis and Necrosis, are they acceletate aging? Everything about human ageing and related diseases Apoptosis and necrosis are they accelerate aging? apoptosis Apoptosis is programmed cell death. Apoptosis is a Greek word means "falling off".In a multicellular organism if cells are no longer needed,or it's DNA damaged and cannot be repaired,then the cells commits suicide by a process called programmed cell death or the Apoptosis. In human beings billions of cells die in bone marrow and intestine every hour .since 19th century scientists noticed and described about apoptosis but a clear definition was given by John Foxton Kerr at the university of Queensland in 1972.Later Hovitz,Sydney Brenner,and John E Samson identified the genes involved in apoptosis. In 2002  they got Nobel prize in medicine  Apoptosis and necrosis In our body,cells are produced by cell multiplication (mitosis) and the apoptosis is used to the destruction of cells. Around 100,000 cells are produced in our body per second and

Neuro endocrine theory(biological clock) of aging

According to Neuro endocrine theory the aging process is happening in hypothalamus,pituitary,and thyroid or the in regulatory action of these glands.Vladimer Dilman an internationally renowned endocrinologist put forward this theory in 1968.He found that there is considerable decline in the production of hormones in our body with increasing age,the secretion of thyroid,adrenel cortex,testis (males),ovary (females),pituitary (growth hormone) etc will falls.The production of aminoacids, peptides,monoamines enzymes etc also will is also noted that the functional decline in neurons,
Neuro endocrine theory(biological clock) of aging
Human endocrine system

What are the functions of endocrine glands?

Endocrine system is a group of glands,which produce most of all important hormones for our body.These hormones controls our growth development,moods,metabolism,reproduction etc.
The glands includes Hypothalamus,pituitary,pineal(these3glands situated in brain),thyroid(neck)
Pancreas(behind stomach),thymus(between lungs),adrenals(top of kidneys),testes(male),ovaries (female).Hypothalamus is the main part of endocrine system,it produced hormones such as antiduereti,corticotropin,gonadotropin,oxytoxin,palachin,thyrotrophin etc most of the hormones are instructions to other glands,it also directly commands pituitary gland to increase or decrease a particular hormonal presence in the body especially growth hormone.hypothalamus has direct connection with nervous system.hypothalamus is responsible for thirst,body temperature,hunger,sleep,
Sex drive etc.Pituitary gland is another very important gland which controls all glands of endocrine system,and is often called as master gland.the posterior lobe of pituitary collect some hormones from hypothalamus and distribute to respective glands,also it produced many hormones,such as growth hormone(somatotrophic hormone),proclain lutenizing hormones, antidiuretic hormones,etc.
Pineal gland produced melatonin,this gland is responsible for sleep.thyroid gland produced calcitonine,triiodothyronine,and thyroxin.parathyroid gland release parathyroid hormone when calcium level increases in the body,pancreas released the hormone insulin and glucagon,ovary releases progesterone and estrogen.testes produced testosterone,

Hormonal imbalances,how it affects the body?

If Growth Hormone is too much the bones and body parts grow extensively,on the other hand if it is low growth will stick.if thyroid produce more hormone the result is hyperthyroidism or it is known as
Graves' disease.if the hormone is insufficient the result is slow growth,slow heart rate,weight gain and constipation,the condition is called hypothyroidism.Adrenal insufficiency result in dehydration,abdominal pain, fatigue, weakness,etc.insulin production of pancreas fail the result is diabetics.these are some of the abnormalities happen because of hormonal imbalance.

A research related to anti aging

Some researchers removed the pituitary gland gland of mice,pituitary gland is the master gland which provides many hormones in our boy,the researchers then provide all the known hormones of pituitary to the mice manually,they found that the mice without a pituitary gland live longer than others.finally
They came to the conclusion that pituitary is producing some other hormones that brings life span shorter.


We are not yet find all the hormones that produced by endocrine system,one thing is sure hormones can alter our body,mind,health,and life span.

Neuro-endocrine theory(biological clock)of aging


Popular posts from this blog


Covid19 Use mask for protection 

Role of protein on ageing

Protein structure  Role of protein on aging  Protein which controls the length of telomere are telomerase and a protein complex known as shelterin.a new study by Scripps Reserch Institute (TSRI) discovered a new protein named as TZAP (telomeric zinc associated protein)which decrease the length of telomeres by trimming,telomere is the clock of a biological cell,if it's length is too short the cell cannot multiply,a human cell can divide maximum 50 times,if it increase more, our life span may increase considerably. Certain proteins undergo oxidisation which are known to be associated with ageing and some age related diseases,when people turn about 80 approximately half of the bady proteins are damaged due to oxidation,the oxidation occurs because of random chemical degradation,that are associated with convention of food particles to enregy( metabolism) . Protein's misfoldings are another reason for ageing,when native proteins are synthesised in our cells,which i

Why we are getting old?

Why we are getting old? The answer is simple,the 'errors'.The errors that happening during cell multiplication and by the influences of external factors. Somany  changes happens in DNA every year,most important one is the shortening of telomeres. A telomere is the tail end of chromosomes.  The free radical theory of -ageing,  which devolved in1950 says that  the reactive oxygen  species(ROS)   produced during mitochondrial functions react with their DNA (mtDNA)  and other cell organelles, makes sever damage and declined mitochondrial functions that leads us to aging. ROS is produced when mitochondria make energy from food particles,when we eat more the mitochondria produce more energy and more ROS also evolved as by product. So having a comparatively limited amount of diet and  anti oxidant rich food,such as green vegetables fruits etc can increase life span.  In the year 1961 an American scientist L.Hayflick discovered that human cells have limited capacity to divide